China Declares Victory over Absolute Poverty, Achieving Feat of Removing all Remaining Counties from Poverty List
2020/11/27
 

China has eliminated absolute poverty one month before its self-imposed deadline after the last nine impoverished counties in the southwestern province of Guizhou were removed from the poverty list on Monday.
 
Since last week, authorities in the last provinces and autonomous regions with poverty-stricken counties have successively declared their localities absolute poverty-free following extensive inspections. They include Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Yunnan Province, Sichuan Province and Gansu Province.
 
Guizhou was the final provincial-level area to declare victory over absolute poverty.
 
China has set the goal of eliminating extreme poverty by the end of 2020.

China's poverty line stands at 2,300 yuan per year at 2010 prices or a little less than a dollar a day. It is important to note that the country's poverty line is not a fixed number but is adjusted every year to reflect the inflationary pressure faced by the rural population using 2010 as a base.
 

In 2013, one in every three counties in China was labeled "poverty-stricken." Back then, the country had 832 severely impoverished counties, housing over 80 million people. Only nine provincial-level areas – namely Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Liaoning, Shandong, Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangsu and Zhejiang –  were free of poor counties.
 
Tibet Autonomous Region was the most impoverished area in the country with 74 counties listed as poverty-stricken.
 
In the past seven years, 10 million people were lifted out of penury in China on average every year.
 
The population living in absolute poverty dropped from 98.99 million at the end of 2012 to 5.51 million by late 2019. Over the same period, the number of impoverished counties decreased from 832 to 52.